What is the C major scale? So the first note will be a C. The difference between a melodic Major scale and a harmonic Major scale is that in the melodic Major scale we have 7th degrees lowered by a half tone. Free Guitar Scale Charts And Fingering Diagrams. Pentatonic 5. Applying that scale formula to the notes of the C major scale yields: C – D – Eb – F – G – Ab – Bb This new scale is the C natural minor scale, which is usually just referred to as the C minor scale. You’ll notice here that none of the notes within our F chord inside the C Major scale have been altered from how they appear in the F Major scale so the F chord is simply formularized as 1, 3, 5 which as we’ve already seen is the formula for a Major chord. The formula for creating a major scale is “whole, whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half.” This means if we start on c, we must go up 2 adjacent notes to get to the next note, which is d. That’s the first “whole” and let’s follow the whole formula … How to become more confident with your guitar playing, How To Communicate With Other Musicians At Blues Guitar Jam Sessions, How to determine and improve the weaknesses in your guitar playing, How You Can Make Your Chords Changes Faster And Smoother, Key steps to helping you improve your guitar playing. The major scale is consonant over major chords. Major Scale Chord Formula. Formula: 1-2-b3-4-5-6-b7-8 (Dmin7) In the two-octave pattern, the first root note is on the 6th string, 8th fret. When writing out any major scale there is a formula oto figure out all of the notes if you are unsure of the notes in a difficult scale for example if you are only a beginner with theory work you may not know how what notes are in the Ab major scale. Constructing a C Major Scale. A major scale is 1-2-3-4-5-6-7. Dorian Minor scale . Today this scale, like the harmonic Major scale, is used in Jazz Music. Between the 3rd and the 4th notes of the scale is a half-step, and between the 7th and 8th notes is also a half-step. The Minor Scale Formula. Stated positively, spend some time writing out the 12 major scales and you will be, a) motivated to learn the relevant short-cuts. What do you do when dealing with a difficult lick, riff or phrase? But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. So we can do that with any other note. Let’s take this one step further and learn to play the Cmaj scale with the left hand. E is the mediant. C Major scale for guitar. A whole step = 2 half-steps, and a half step is simply the distance between 2 adjacent notes. That is useful when you need to know which notes to play in any Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. When are students of Music Theory ready to "really" understand major scales? After going through the exercise above of building triads from the G major scale, you end up with a formula of major and minor chords that holds true for all major scales. So repeat after me, out loud:  “Between 3 and 4 and also 7 and 8 are half-steps. It has no sharps or flats. ... To simplify, you can memorize this formula to form a minor scale: whole step - half step - whole step - whole step - half step - whole step - whole step (or) w - h - w - w - h - w - w. Harmonic Minor Scale . Every major scale can be derived from the chromatic scale, and must conform to this same formula, beginning and ending on the key note. Non computer generated. Note that the key of G has one note different from the key of C, namely the note f#. Everything, even other scales that have nothing to do with the major scale, gets named in relationship to it. The root notes are always C tones. 6 – Play a vertical A major scale on the spot using your memorized major scale formula. This is the order of whole-steps and half-steps that make up the major scale. To create a major scale you need to know the correct formula. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. A whole step up from C is D, another whole step up is E, a half step to F, and so on. So long as you know the scale formula, you can easily figure out which notes a scale contains. The major scale uses just seven notes from the twelve tone chromatic scale, which is what gives us its unique intervals - the spaces between each note in the scale. Keep practicing this scale until you are very comfortable with it. A key has two components: a tonal center and some sort of scale, or set of pitches used for creating harmony and melody., a choice to use a pattern of seven notes forming a set called the major scale. The C Lydian scale consists of seven notes. The most effective way of breaking down this formula is to see it in relation to the chromatic scale - the entire twelve notes of the guitar. 1. Natural C Minor Scale = C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, Bb, C. Harmonic C Minor Scale = C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, B, C. The formula for forming a harmonic minor scale is W-H-W-W-H-W 1/2-H. (Whole step – half step – whole step – whole step – half step – whole step and a 1/2 step – half step.) These notes happen to be white notes, so the C scale picture looks like this. A whole-step on the guitar is a distance of two frets. All the other notes are a whole-step apart. of the scale. To count a half tone (or semitone), simply move up by one key. Mastering your guitar chords, scales and arpeggios allows for more enjoyable, fluid, better playing for yourself and is the key to playing along with others. Chord IV of the harmonized C Major scale is F (F Major). There are short-cuts you will learn (like the Circe of Fifths, for example) but if you try to learn them first without doing the basic work, the same two things will be true as in my example above. Before developing a robust understanding of scales and how they work our students must first be familiar with a method of assigning the "correct" name to any note and with the principles behind whole-step and half-step intervals The major scale is a series of 7 notes that are a subset of the 12 notes in the chromatic scaleA scale consisting of all 12 of the notes used in modern music.. This will be important later on for more complex chords. The lesson could not be displayed because JavaScript is disabled. My Best Recommendation: Click here for the BEST piano/keyboard course I’ve seen on the Internet. H = half step. How Do I Know What Scale Goes With This Chord? Scale Formula: 1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7. Free Guitar Scale Charts And Fingering Diagrams. In this post, you will get acquainted with everything you need to know about key signatures. Formula: 1-2-b3-4-5-6-b7-8 (Dmin7) The Dorian minor scale as a b3, natural 6, and b7. As it happens, using the step pattern for the major scales beginning on C results in no accidentls being included in the scale. All rights reserved. The 2nd note is D, 3rd note is E, 4th note is F, 5th note is G, 6th note is A, 7th note is B, and 8th note is C. Let’s take things a little further. Using the interval formula, you can accurately play the C Major scale on any given string, starting from the root note. Memorize the following list of music terms covered in this lesson. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Let’s start with the right hand. C Phrygian Positions C Phrygian Notes: Full Fretboard. This means if we start on c, we must go up 2 adjacent notes to get to the next note, which is d.  That’s the first “whole” and let’s follow the whole formula through: half:   b to c   – Note that you’re back where you started at c.  If you didn’t get back there, something would have been wrong, because as you can see from the keyboard diagram, the same notes repeat over and over. Steps and Intervals . By Desi Serna . © 2009-2020 Piano-Keyboard-Guide.com. Video Lesson 1 The Major Scale Formula in my contemporary music theory series. The minor scale formula goes like this: Minor 3rd (3 half steps) whole step, half step, half step, minor 3rd, whole step. Let’s learn to play the C major scale on piano (and keyboard). The chords and harmony also come from that scale. A is the submediant. 5th finger plays C, 4th finger plays B, 3rd finger plays A and 2nd finger plays G. Then you continue with your thumb, where the thumb plays F, 3rd finger plays E, 2nd finger plays D and 1st finger plays C. When going down the scale, the 3rd finger goes over your thumb, giving you enough fingers to finish the scale. I'm very new to the music theory and I have started to write every single scale to my notebook but I come across this C major pentatonic scale and felt the need to ask how it can be written in the formula. Previously, we learned about the musical alphabet and the major scale.The quality of the scale (major) is determined by the notes in it and their relationship to the tonic A word describing the tonal center of a piece of music, with other tones resolving to this note. The formula for a Major chord is 1 3 5. It is the most commonly used minor scale for improvisation in jazz music. The major scale (or Ionian mode) is one of the most commonly used musical scales, especially in Western music.It is one of the diatonic scales.Like many musical scales, it is made up of seven notes: the eighth duplicates the first at double its frequency so that it is called a higher octave of the same note (from Latin "octavus", the eighth). Scale formula expressed in terms of (H)alf and (W)hole steps. b) you will understand the theory behind the short-cuts. Harmonic Minor 3. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Scale formula. The Notes Of The C Major Scale. For the left hand, when going up the scale, the 5th finger plays C, the 4th finger plays D, the 3rd finger plays E, the 2nd finger plays F and the thumb plays G. The 3rd finger then goes over your thumb and plays A, the 2nd finger plays B and the 1st finger (thumb) plays C. To go down the scale, the same fingers are used. Ionian or Major scale . When comparing these notes to the scale/key of the chord (C), which in the case of the root chord will be the same scale/key we are harmonizing, we have a 1, 3, 5 which is the formula for any Major chord. Well on Tuesday my band teacher was talking about some musical formula where is goes Whole step Whole step Half step Whole step Whole step Whole step half step (or something like w w 1/2 w w w 1/2). Most people start to learn to play the piano with this scale. To count a whole tone, count up two piano keys, whether white or black. The formula to form a major scale involves using whole steps and half steps. Guitarists and their gear – A marriage made in heaven or made in hell? Follow the formula to map the scale. I understand that if you build a chord on the fourth degree of a major scale you get a major chord. Whole Tone 6. These can be described as intervals, as semi-notes or steps on the guitar fingerboard, written as 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 from the first note to the next octave. What fingering is used? This can be seen in the image below. As can be seen above, the first note of the C major scale is C. It is also called the root of the scale. The C Minor is relative to Eb Major. Learn more about forming C major scale and other major scales here. This same method can be done to derive any scale from the major scale. The result is a D minor triad or Dm. So the formula for the major scale is big step, big, small, big, big, big, small. As can be seen above, the first note of the C major scale is C. It is also called the root of the scale. Construct the remaining scales:  D, A, E, B, F# or Gb, Db, Ab, Eb, and Bb. Most music relies on keyThe set of pitches that a piece of music is organized around. Watch it below. So using the notes in the C major scale you could make the chord with the notes FACEGB. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Well, the short answer is that you must use all the letters for each key. Notes are displayed in the fingerboard diagram with blue color with the root notes indicated by darker color. Everything else is a whole step.”  Say it out loud 3 more times, it’s that important. . Notice that 1 and 8 are the same. If you are interested in taking Guitar Lessons in Newfield, NY, then be sure to contact Dennis! Scales you can use in the real world, created by a human guitarist. Scales you can use in the real world, created by a human guitarist. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. About the author: Dennis Winge is a professional guitarist living in New York with a passion for vegan food and bhakti yoga. C Major Scale. Viewed 1k times 2. The key signature for C major, therefore, shows no sharps (#) and no flats (♭). It is very simple and consists of white keys only. Yes, it would require memorizing, but it would be a lot less time-consuming to know that 7 x 4 = 28 and 5 x 7 = 35 than it would be to do it long-hand. The Notes Of The C Major Scale. So just do it! Find one below. In this case, we’re going to be making a C major scale. On the guitar a scale or chord formula is its pattern of steps and intervals. Nikolay Diletsky's circle of fifths in Idea grammatiki musikiyskoy (Moscow, 1679). A C major scale begins with a C and ends with a C. It is the simplest to write in notation and demonstrate on a piano. This structure creates a Major scale from any starting note. The lesson could not be displayed because JavaScript is disabled. This new scale is the C natural minor scale, which is usually just referred to as the C minor scale. The C Major is a seven-note scale. It is important to keep track of the musical terms you are learning. Bonus: If you’d like to practice drafting other major scales, the same process of using the major scale formula can be used. (The most important thing is to be able to play the scale, but let’s continue with some music theory.) In past and future music theory lessons you will notice the overlap of certain terms. 2. Amazon has a wide range of affordable keyboards and accessories. Many of the popular songs you hear on the radio make use of this simple scale. If you called it gb the scale would go “g, a, b, c, d, e, gb, g” and there would be no letter f.  Plus you’d have used the letter g twice, once for “g” and once for “gb” which doesn’t make sense. As we know from discussing step patterns, the major scale consists of the following step patterns and corresponding notes as shown below in the table. Now that we know that a major scale is made up of a particular pattern of intervals between the notes (W W h W W W h), let's test the formula by building a major scale on the note A, starting with the open A … It has no sharps or flats. This will be important later on for more complex chords. 6 Ways To Improve Your Sight Reading On The Piano, 7 steps you have to take to master chords – Part I, 7 steps you have to take to master chords – Part II, 8 ways to get the most out of your guitar lessons, Beginner Guitar Practice – How To Improve Your Timing Using A Metronome, Beginners Guitar Guide: 7 Essential Skills for Playing With Friends, Differences between the electric guitar and the harp, Guitar frustration is the best thing that has ever happened to you. C Major in Ionian mode. The major scale is made up of a series of whole-steps (W) and half-steps (H). Starting on C, go up a whole step to D, a whole step to E, a half step to F, a whole step to G, a whole step to A, a whole step to B and lastly, a half step to C. My new book, Piano Scales Made Simple, will help you with your scales. Saved by Margaret Taylor. Formula: 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (Cmaj7) The major scale is consonant over major chords. So the distance between C and D is a whole tone, while the distance between E and F is a semitone. The root notes are always C tones. C is the tonic of this scale. The designations of scale-degrees are equivalent to the analysis numbers for Roman Numeral Analysis.Thus we can have I chords, #I chords, bII chords and II chords, for example.. These cookies do not store any personal information. When going up the Cmaj scale, your thumb plays C, 2nd finger plays D and third finger plays E. Then you continue with the thumb which plays F, 2nd finger plays G, 3rd finger plays A, 4th finger plays B and 5th finger plays C. When going up the scale, to play F with your thumb put your thumb under your 3rd finger. Here’s the C Major Scale on the Treble Clef and Bass Clef, ascending and descending. Some people when they first learn music theory scour the internet for videos and article such as this one, but there is no substitute for doing the work yourself. For example, a C major scale corresponds with a C major chord. What is the C major scale? Remember, the major scale formula: 1st note, whole step, 2nd note, whole step, 3rd note, half step, 4th note, whole step, 5th note, whole step, 6th note, whole step, 7th note, half step, 8th note (which is one octave higher than the first note). F is the subdominant. (The most important thing is to be able to play the scale, but let’s continue with some music theory.) Scale 2. First start with the root note, C, and follow the formula: A whole step from C is D. A whole step from D is E. A half step from E is F. A whole step from F is G. A whole step from G is A. 5 – Memorize the whole-half step formulas for the major and natural minor scale. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. C Phrygian is the third mode of the Ab major scale; C Phrygian Scale Notes: C Db Eb F G Ab Bb; Phrygian Scale Formula: 1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b7; Phrygian Scale Intervals: H W W W H W W; Guitar Scale Diagrams: C Phrygian Mode. Looking at this picture, we realized we would need to know each note as both a letter and a number, and then be able to play number sequences, not only in the C major scale, but also in eleven other major scales, which suddenly seemed like a big challenge. Beginning with the first C on the piano keyboard in the above illustration, let’s use the formula to find the notes for the C major scale. When going down the scale, the same fingers are used. From one piano key to the next is the distance of a half step (measured in intervals). B is the leading tone and C is the octave of the scale. The more you play it, the better you will get. The Major Scale Formula is the result of the comparison between the C major scale (made up of the natural notes) and the chromatic scale (made up of all half steps). Circle of fifths showing major and minor keys. Notice that 1 and 8 are the same. For instance, if you start on D and do this pattern, you'll end up with two notes that are not in the C scale: a F# and a C#. Learn about the C Major Scale and view detailed information about the musical scale, along with the scale notes, intervals and the scale formula. To find the notes of the scale, we apply the major scale formula to the musical alphabet. 6 – Play a vertical A major scale on the spot using your memorized major scale formula. A key signature chart (major, minor, dorian, mixolydian) ... the root of the C major scale is a C; the root of an Eb major scale is an Eb; the root of a G minor scale is a G; Using white keys only, a major scale starting on C has no sharps and no flats. Therefore it’s essential that you understand how to construct a major scale as your first step in understanding music theory. Ask Question Asked 5 years, 4 months ago. List of all Natural Minor Scales There are 12 natural minor scales. II. The same is true with music theory. The short-cut was called the multiplication table. Applying that scale formula to the notes of the C major scale yields: C – D – Eb – F – G – Ab – Bb. As you play the scale according to the whole steps and half steps, you’ll also be playing each scale degree from one to seven. The Major Scale Formula. Luckily, in a C major scale, no accidentals are needed to complete the scale. The formula for creating a major scale is “whole, whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half.”. Minor 2. If all the notes had been exactly the same as C, it wouldn’t be in a different key at all; it would still be the key of C.  All keys have a unique combination of sharps and flats that gives that key its identity. 0:13 In this 12 week series, going over the basics of contemporary music theory, we’re going to start right here with learning the major scale formula. Sing the names of the notes along with your playing to connect the notes to the intervals. For both hands, your thumb is your 1st finger, index finger is 2nd finger, middle finger is 3rd finger, ring finger is 4th finger and pinky finger is 5th finger. Minor Chord Construction. 0:08 Alright, Candace Russell here doing our first week of music theory. C Major scale, chords, intervals, scale on the fretborad and more G is the dominant. C Major Formula Pattern scale. Learn music theory that's worth knowing. Ask Question Asked 5 years, 4 months ago. Now that we know how the Major Scale is formed and what the numbers represent, we can figure out the chord formulas. In the previous lesson we learned to place this formula on the fretboard of the guitar. Now let’s stack 2 thirds on top of the second note (2) of the C major scale. This might be a bit confusing, but we now call that second note of the major scale “1”, because it becomes the root of our chord: D: F: A: 1: b3: 5 . The Major scale formula = 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 C major scale = C D E F G A B The Minor Pentatonic scale formula = 1 b3 4 5 b7 C Minor Pentatonic = C Eb F G Bb So you play the first note of the major scale, then the third note lowered by a half step, the fourth note, the fifth note and the seventh note lowered by a half step. It only takes a few minutes to do and will serve you the rest of your life. For example, a C major scale corresponds with a C major chord. When you start on g and follow the formula above it looks like this: whole:  e to f#  – Note that e to f is a half-step, but the formula calls for a whole step, so you need to go one more half-step above f which is f#. This is the first scale you should learn. We can call this the major scale formula. The 2nd note is D, 3rd note is E, 4th note is F, 5th note is G, 6th note is A, 7th note is B, and 8th note is C. Scale Degrees. However, having spent a few days doing it long-hand made a) us much more motivated to learn the short-cuts, b) we understood what was happening beneath the short-cuts. Key Signature 3. Melodic Minor 4. A C Minor scale, for comparison, is structured like so: Notes: C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, Bb. 3 – Write down and play a C major scale, vertical approach (played across multiple strings) 4 – Build a pentatonic minor scale on a single string. Here is the scale ‘formula’ for the major scale: Major scale formula. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. 5 – Memorize the whole-half step formulas for the major and natural minor scale. The C Major is a seven-note scale. The formula to build all major scales is: W W H W W W H. W = whole step. Viewed 1k times 2. This brings us to the major scale formula: Whole step (two piano keys or two frets) between C and D Whole step (two piano keys or two frets) between D … So for the entire C Major Scale the formula is C (1) D (2) E (3) F (4) G (5) A (6) B (7) C (8). (For in… FretMap's interactive fretboard shows you … So how does this all come together? If we were making a G major scale, the note we’d start on would be G. If we were making a Bb major scale, we would start on a Bb. Begin on A and move up a minor 3rd. Go here for my favorite online course for learning how to play piano. The C major scale consists of the pitches C, D, E, F, G, A and B. MAJOR CHORDS. C Major Scale … For example, a major triad is 1-3-5. And speaking of f#, how do you know whether to call it f# or gb? The C Minor scale consists of seven notes. It’s a little like when I was a kid the math teacher had a us write out the answers to problems like these: It was only after a few days of this long-hand torture that she said there was a short-cut we could learn that would allow us to instantly know that the answers were 28 and 35, respectively. The thumb now goes under the 3rd finger and plays G, the 2nd finger plays F, 3rd finger plays E, 2nd finger plays D and 1st finger plays C. Major scales contain 7 notes and all use the formula W-W-H-W-W-W-H (whole tone, whole tone, half tone, whole tone, whole tone, whole tone, half tone.) So how do you play the scale? The Ionian scale, a major scale, is among the most frequently used in Western music. Major Scale in Every Key . The Major Scale Formula Lesson 1 Music Theory Video text transcript below may be inaccurate in some areas due to software. For example in the C melodic Major scale, we have B-flat instead of B. A C major scale begins with a C and ends with a C. It is the simplest to write in notation and demonstrate on a piano. The following charts compare the different scale formulas of the major scale modes that are used for keys and chord progressions. In the two-octave pattern, the first root note is on the 6th string, 8th fret. Blue… In the previous lesson we learned to place this formula on the fretboard of the guitar. The C major scale is created by playing the notes from C to C. And, the pattern that results from this is our formula for the major scale (more on this in a moment). Let’s take things a little further. The major scale formula creates the need for accidentals in key signatures.Essentially, a key signature shows which notes are changed to produce the major scale formula starting on the keynote. C Major Scale. E will be the 3rd note of the chord and G will be the 5th note of the chord. Harmonic Minor Scale Intervals You can play many songs using the notes of this scale only. Why does the C major scale contain no sharps or flats? Guitar Theory: Kindle or Paperback. There’s more information on playing scales on piano here. This same method can be done to derive any scale from the major scale. The formula for forming a natural (or pure) minor scale is W-H-W-W-H-W-W. “W” stands for whole step and “H” stands for half step. This is good as it will solidify your musicianship down the road. Notes are displayed in the fingerboard diagram with blue color with the root notes indicated by darker color. All you’re playing are white keys, so you can’t get confused by the black ones. . If you start on any note, you'll end up with a major scale from that note if you follow that formula. Essentially, no key signature is needed for a C major scale. Scale Intervals: W H W W H W W. The Natural Minor scale of C flattens the third, sixth and seventh of the scale… Accidentals 4. I'm very new to the music theory and I have started to write every single scale to my notebook but I come across this C major pentatonic scale and felt the need to ask how it can be written in the formula. It contains exactly the same notes, but starts on another note. While following a scale conversion formula (see below), change or omit various degrees of the scale according to the following rules. b3 (flat three) means you take the third note of the major scale only a half step down. The formula to form a major scale involves using whole steps and half steps. Make wrong musical choices. C Major scale for guitar. Guitar Theory available from Amazon . These notes follow a formula where no note name is repeated. D is the supertonic of the scale. 3 Reasons Why Learning To Play Guitar Is The Right Choice For Your Child. Then he asked us to figure out the formula of C major for our instrument and I play the flute and I can't remember what he was talking about! Learn more about forming C major scale and other major scales here.