Peonies divided in the spring … The transplanted peony may not produce as many, if any, flowers as before it was transplanted. In November, spread 4-6 inches of mulch over your peonies to keep soil temperatures stable through the winter. Peonies need to be watered weekly until the ground freezes in the fall. After planting, water the divisions thoroughly. Dig in circles around the plant, going deeper and deeper until you can gently lift the root ball out of the ground. If you need to transplant peonies, the best time to do so is in the fall after they finish blooming and are approaching dormancy. flower for only a short period in early summer, but these perennials can survive 20 years or more in the garden. Do this in the fall for best results! The best time to move your peonies … Avoid transplanting peonies in summer unless circumstances demand it. Peonies display their luscious flowers for a few weeks starting in spring. Peonies transplant better when you divide them. Peonies love to be fed, so inthe spring give them a dose of fertilizer meant for blooming plants. After transplanting peonies, don’t expect plants to flower the following spring. Transplanting peonies so they rebloom takes some attention to details. Transplanting peonies in spring may interrupt growth and flowering. Peonies are perennials, meaning they return every year, bringing outrageously beautiful blooms to your garden each spring. Remove the mulch in early spring, before new growth appears. Remove the mulch prior to the growing season in the spring. Don’t worry if the flowers seem a bit sparse the first spring after moving established peonies. Don’t worry if they have little or no flowers in the first year after transplanting, they are just settling in, and should bloom well after that. Resource links: Transplant peonies Growing peonies They love cold winters and need chilling time to make flowers. Peonies are a little different from most perennials in this regard. You may see a few blooms the second year after planting, but it’s in the third and fourth years that flower numbers should make a comeback. Some varieties move easily in spring or fall, but others, if moved in spring, won’t flower for a year or two. How to Dig Up Peony Plants to Move. Like Oriental poppies or Siberian irises, they rarely require dividing; but if you want to break a mature plant into several smaller ones or to move an existing plant, the work is best done in late summer or early fall. A layer that’s 4 to 6 inches deep should prevent frost heave. Peonies (Paeonia spp.) If nature doesn’t supply weekly rains, you'll need to step in with a hose. Start digging a good 18 inches away from the crown of the plant. When transplanting a peony, it can take three to four years for it to become reestablished and bloom abundantly. Divide peonies in spring or fall using this simple method which disturbs roots as little as possible. 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