In both locations, 22 accessions exhibited a resistant response. There are limited data on the phenolic compounds in millets; only phenolic acids and flavones have been identified. To find out suitable INM practices for groundnut in acid soils Economists study a large number of macro- and-microeconomic factors that influence interest rates, buyer and seller behavior, recessions, product supply and demand and much more, and strategize for best outcomes. Sorghum, apart from being a subsistence crop, is an important commercial and export crop for the United States of America, Australia, and Argentina. The two cultivars were similar in proximate composition (white 15.3% protein, reddish-white 15.9% protein), mineral profile, fatty acid composition, vitamin content (except vitamin-B12 was higher in reddish-white), in vitro protein digestibility (IVPD) and calculated protein efficiency ratio (C-PER). 9, there were only minor effects on the nutritional quality due to cooking for all sorghum varieties studied. The discoloration and softening of the grain reduces processing quality significantly. Sorghums containing tannins are widely reported to reduce caloric availability and hence weight gain in animals. Sorghum Industry 2021. Under a changing climate regime sorghum would assume renewed importance as a food and industrial crop, and therefore concerted focus is necessary on such marginalized crops to ensure food and nutritional security in a sustainable manner in the years to come. In East Africa including Ethiopia and Sudan, we can find tremendous varieties of animal coat-color as well as of sorghum. 8. Sorghum is cultivated worldwide as an important crop for food, feed, fodder, and bioenergy end uses. We found no difference by variety in apparent nitrogen absorption or retention. Will spread perennials: nutsedge ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on - id: 5a7c8-NTViZ important crop worldwide, used for food (as grain and in sorghum syrup or "sorghum molasses"), fodder, the production of alcoholic beverages, and biofuels. for the Semi-Arid Tropics. It is a source of food and fodder, mostly in the traditional, smallholder farming sector. Among the microelements, Fe was in higher concentration (7.4 mg/100g dry weight) followed by Mn, Zn and Cu. The midge lifecycle varies from 2-4 weeks, depending on temperatures. iii What's neW SORGHUM fi- fl- February 2017 What’s new The GRDC GrowNotes are dynamic documents that are updated according to user feedback and newly available information. Green gram 4. The need to generate a large and sustainable supply of biomass to make biofuels generation from lignocellulose profitable will require the development of crops grown specifically for bioenergy production. The latter is especially true in the more drought prone areas of South Africa where this hardy crop provides better household food security than maize. Transportation costs are found to be significant ranging from $33 to $71 Mg (-1) FC, with highest costs associated with at-plant ensilage scenarios. Phytochemistry 65:1199–1221, Badi S, Pedersen B, Monowar L, Eggum BO (1990) The nutritive value of new and traditional sorghum and millet foods from Sudan. Wiley, New York, USA, pp 191–223, Nagaraj N, Basavaraj G, Parthasarathy Rao P, Bantilan C, Haldar S (2013) Sorghum and pearl millet economy of India—future outlook and options. J SAT Agric Res 10. These results indicate that a great deal of germplasm diversity and genetic novelty are available in Eritrean sorghums, and that SSR markers can contribute to the wise use of this diversity for sorghum study and improvement. Such a study on color polymorphism in contemporary societies may make an important contribution to the analysis not only of the process of domestication, but also of the interrelationship between nature and culture in human society. The cooked porridge Aceda has lower protein digestibility and higher biological value than the uncooked porridge Aceda. Sorghum is the second most important cereal after maize with 22% of total cereal area. Effect of depithing. Industrial Crop Prod 6:229–232, Bennett AS, Annex RP (2009) Production, transport and milling costs of sweet sorghum as a feedstock for centralized bioethanol production in the upper Midwest. More than 80 % of the global sorghum area is characterized by low yield levels contributing to slightly above half of total grain output whereas the rest comes from the developed world with high yield levels. Their folk genetics has been recently verified by animal geneticist, Nozawa (in press). ICRISAT–HarvestPlus Project on Sorghum biofortification, Management of Mineral Nutrition and Associated Stresses in Groundnut, Genetic diversity of Eritrean sorghum landrace assessed with simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers, Authoritarianism and the securitization of development in Africa. The continent produces about 20 million tonnes of sorghum per annum, about one-third of the world crop. Sorghum commonly known as broom corn, great millet, durra, jowari and milo is a large grain plant native to Northern Africa which is widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions these days.It is the member of the grass family Poaceae or Gramineae. Cattle coat-color and sorghum variation. 5. ICRISAT, Patancheru, India 206 pp, Hulse JH, Liang EM, Pearson OE (1980) Sorghum and the millets: their composition and nutritive value. April 2-4, 2003m Pretoria, South Africa. However, these figures do not do justice to the importance of sorghum in Africa. Little millet 3. In: Wall JS, Ross WR (eds) Sorghum production and utilization, major feed and food crops in agriculture and food series. Introduction. Sign In. Previous research, however, did not include costs associated with off-farm transportation, storage, or capital costs associated with milling and energy recovery equipment that are required to provide FC suitable for biological conversion. The major constraint to production of consistently high quality grain is the destruction or severe damage caused by insects and molds. This proposed mechanism may be incorrect because PA also complex carbohydrates, endogenous proteins, and microbial products and the degradability of PA-protein complexes by ruminal microbes has not been adequately studied. - Effect of depithing, Nutritional quality of sorghum and sorghum foods from Sudan, Chemical Composition and Nutritional Quality of Date Seeds, Designing sorghum as a dedicated bioenergy feedstock, Overview: sorghum and millet food research failures and successes, Chemical composition and nutritional quality of sorghum flour and bread, The influence of milling on the nutritive value of flour from cereal grains. Refining resulted in marked losses of all vitamins studied. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, The Sorghum Genome plant reproduction, but also the way in which he has recognized various phenotypes of genetic variants and included them into his culture. Foxtail millet 2. Black gram 3. 10. Forage sorghum varieties available on then market include Sugardrip, Sugargraze, PAN 841 and PAN 888. United States National Research Council/National Academy of Sciences (1982) United States Canadian Tables of Food Composition. Plant Foods Hum Nutr 34:141–150, Kleih U, Bala Ravi S, Dayakar Rao B, Yoganand B (2000) Industrial utilization of sorghum in India. Dorofeyev VF (ed). Academic Press, New York, USA 1997 pp, ICRISAT & FAO (1996) The world sorghum and millet economies. Monte Carlo simulation and sensitivity analysis are used to account for system variability and compare scenarios. In trial 1, conducted with noncannulated, 25-kg pigs, digestibilities of dry matter, gross energy and N averaged for the low tannin sorghums (TAM680 and G766-W) were higher (P greater than .01) than the corresponding digestibilities averaged for the high tannin sorghums (Ga615 and NK300). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 498 pp, Wang RS, Kies C (1991) Niacin status of humans as affected by eating decorticated and whole-ground sorghum (, © Springer International Publishing AG 2016,,,, ICAR-Indian Institute of Millets Research, Where possible white, tan plant straw color glumes and grain with a spherical medium to hard endosperm is require. Sorghum [Sorghum bicolour (L.) Moench] is an indigenous crop to Africa, and though commercial needs and uses may change over time, sorghum will remain a basic staple food for many rural communities. 4) The Bodi identify themselves with the cattle and sorghum through particular colors of variation, which are decided by their naming system, and also use animals according to their coat-colors at various kinds of rituals (Table 5). Research on the biosynthesis, molecular genetics, and cell biology of PA in forage legumes needs to be integrated with research on toxicology and nutrition. The addition of chickpea and peanuts improved the quality of kisra a staple food of Sudan. The ability of pigeonpea to produce economic yields under soil moisture. sorghum is the most important ingredient for the production of distilled beverages, such as maotai and kaoliang. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. J Anim Sci 73:1516–1528, Reynolds MP, Quilligan E, Aggarwal PK, Bansal KC, Cavalieri AJ, Chapman SC, Chapotin SM, Datta SK, Duveiller E, Gill KS, Jagadish KSV, Joshi AK, Koehler A-K, Kosina P, Krishnan S, Lafitte R, Mahala RS, Muthurajan R, Paterson AH, Prasanna BM, Rakshit S, Rosegrant MW, Sharma I, Singh RP, Sivasankar S, Vadex V, Valluru R, Vara Prasad PV, Yadav OP (2016) An integrated approach to maintaining cereal roductivity under climate change. Differences in vitamin content between the different cereal grains were rather small. Technical Efficiency of Sorghum Production in Garu District of the Upper East Region, Ghana, Quantifying the agronomic performance of new grain sorghum hybrids for enhanced early-stage chilling tolerance, Modeling Climate Warming Impacts on Grain and Forage Sorghum Yields in Argentina, Integrated usage of synthetic and bio-fertilizers: an environment friendly approach to improve the productivity of sorghum, Use of genome editing technologies for genetic improvement of crops of tropical origin, Crop wild relatives as a genetic resource for generating low-cyanide, drought-tolerant Sorghum, Substitution of Zea mays by Sorghum bicolor on Performance and Gut Histo-Morphology of Ross 308 Broiler Chickens Aged 1–42 d, Semiautomated Feature Extraction from RGB Images for Sorghum Panicle Architecture GWAS, Genomic Designing for Climate Smart Sorghum, New candidate loci and marker genes on chromosome 7 for improved chilling tolerance in sorghum, Sorghum diseases and their management in cultivation: seedling, seed, panicle and foliar diseases, An integrated approach to maintaining cereal productivity under climate change, Future Outlook and Options for Target Crops: The Sorghum and Pearl millet Economy of India, Dynamics of value and trade channels of sorghum in India, An analysis of availability and utilization of sorghum grain in India, Recent advances in sorghum genetic enhancement research at ICRISAT, Factors Associated with Sorghum Cultivation under Rice Fallows, Changes in Area, Yield Gains, and Yield Stability of Sorghum in Major Sorghum-Producing Countries, 1970 to 2009, Genetics of post-flowering drought tolerance traits in post-rainy sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench], Morphological and molecular diversity reveal wide variability among sorghum Maldandi landraces from India, Sorghum improvement (1980–2010): Status and way forward, Sorghum Hybrid Parents Research at ICRISAT-Strategies, Status, and Impacts, Sweet Sorghum as Feedstock for Ethanol Production: Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Steam-Pretreated Bagasse, Origin and Geography of Cultivated Plants, The origin and early cultivation of sorghums in Africa, The Hindustani Center of Origin of important plants, Traditional methods of processing sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) and pearl millet (Pennesetum americanum) grains in India, Sweet sorghum bagasse: A raw material for the production of chemical paper pulp. At Nabta Playa, near the Egyptian-Sudanese border, dated 8,000 B.C discussed! 70 % –80 % of the world crop Post-harvest processing technologies for enhanced food and allied for. ( 1985 ) a guide to sorghum and sorghum production been recently verified by geneticist. 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