The attached map seems to clear up this matter. The early period of English settlement in Jamaica, drew much attention to the buccaneers based at Port Royal. This wiki page, entitle the Indigenous people of Jamaica, Specifically those of The Jamaican Maroons during the mid 16 … A study of the social relationships and the develop­ ment of families would reveal factors Origins of the Jamaican Maroons. Leeward Maroons in the parishes of St. Elizabeth and Trelawny in the East • 18th century, Maroons in Jamaica had isolated settlements in the western and eastern mountains • 1739, after years of plantation raids and fighting between Maroons and the British, the Maroon groups (around 1,000 people) signed treaties with the colonial government Many Maroons also spoke Arabic, which suggested that they had originated from among the Sudanese who practised Islam. Map 1: Shows the location of study Introduction. Maroon Societies in the Caribbean The term marronage —derived from the Spanish word cimarron, originally applied to escaped cattle living in the wild—came to refer exclusively to the phenomenon of persons running away to escap Source for information on Maroon Societies in the Caribbean: Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History dictionary. The settlement emerged around 1754. Accompong is the only Maroon settlement on the western side of Jamaica. By the end of the war, all the other Maroon settlements in Jamaica had been destroyed, and Accompong alone remained. There were other permanent Maroon settlements elsewhere in Jamaica including Quao Hill in St Thomas, Scott's Hall, Charles Town, Moore Town and Nanny Town. It was founded by Accompong, who was brother ofthe famous maroon leader Kojo (Cudjoe). One of the most widely spoken language of the Maroons was Kramanti – the language of the Akan people of the Gold Coast (Modern-day Ghana). The Jamaican Maroons are often described as enslaved Africans and persons of noticeable African descent who ran away or escaped from their masters or owners to acquire and preserve their freedom.The word maroon is commonly believed to be derived from the English equivalent of the … Maroons within the settlements. Unlike other Maroon settlements Charles Town is not located in the deep mountain valleys, but rather, on the flat coastal plains. The settlement is located in the hills of St. Elizabeth, at the place Accompong used as a camp for carrying out raids. The Jamaican Maroons. Prior to this date, it was identified as New Crawford Town. The Accompong Maroons remained neutral and the British left them alone. Maroon Town in the parish of St. James jamaica.jpg . Charles Town as a Maroon Community was not named on maps until 1832. An annual celebration is held every year on Jan 6th at Accompong. The Trelawny Town Maroons were resettled in Nova Scotia for a few brutal winters, and the survivors were sent back to Africa to live in Sierra Leone. It is one of four major Maroon settlements in Jamaica. Maroon communities also existed in Brazil and Mexico. This 18th century map of Jamaica show the inaccessible location of the Maroon villages—all in the interior mountains. The Maroons of Jamaica came from various tribes from different African countries. ... began with the slaves imported by Spain and continued throughout the period of slavery in Jamaica. A 17 57 map of Accompong in western Jamaica and an 1842 sketch map of what was formerly known as Trelawny Town (Maroon Town) are useful for a study of the patterns of family distribution within those settlements. Cockpit Country threatened by Bauxite Mining. The Jamaican Maroons. 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